Standardized testing is common for all children before admission in the school year, and also other standardized tests available for children from older age groups and until they finish school. A group of students is placed in the same conditions during the testing periods, ensuring uniformity while writing the test and also while grading the test for results.
Standardized tests started out to measure a person’s ability, rather than their achievements, to give an idea about how much they know and understand about a subject. This type of testing is conducted with a purpose to get a clear understanding of a child’s mental ability, language proficiency and critical thinking in connection with the curriculum and course for scientific research purposes.
There are fundamentally four types of standardized tests – intelligence tests, achievement tests, aptitude tests and personality tests. Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon developed what is now commonly known as IQ tests in response to the French government wanting to develop special education classes for students who were not gaining anything from the newly instituted compulsory education. So, it can be accounted for that these tests help the schools in determining the impact of their curriculum and courses.
What do standardized tests achieve and why are they essentially conducted?
The point of the test is to be able to ascertain the child’s competency level in terms of reading, mathematics, and writing skills. It may be for small children before they even start school, or for teenagers preparing for college, like the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) for college applicants, applying for a graduate degree course abroad.
Standardized tests are primarily used to gauge the student’s performance in class or before entering university. The test measures their logical reasoning, critical thinking capabilities, and is considered a summative assessment of the students. These tests allow teachers, parents, and universities to have an idea about students’ performance and measure teachers’ accountability with pointers for areas of improvement, whether at the top residential schools in India or for students attending day schools.
Comparisons leading to improvements
One of the best aspects of standardized testing is that it gives data for comparisons across all schools and curriculum. This data helps to add the necessary material that impacts students in a positive way and make the curriculum better at the best hostel school in India.
Benefits of standardized testing
Many educators and school authorities tout the test as beneficial for gaining a clear understanding of the student’s achievement level before a class or a school. The main benefits of these tests are:
- It is a reliable & objective measurement of achievement
- It helps highlight the aspects that need improvement and better focus
- It helps the education system to gauge and evaluate the progress of the students.
Drawbacks of standardized testing
There are a few drawbacks to this type of testing. Some of the main points of concern for most are:
- More time is spent on test preparation than actual learning.
- The scores cannot test the true scope for all students.
- Limited learning scope for children. As this is only measuring a few core areas of studies and aptitude, it’s not the best way to understand the learning capability of a child.
While some may be mathematically inclined which can be tested, artistic students may be considered incapable by many for not fitting the box, without considering outside influences for the results. Rather than relying entirely on standardized tests, social & emotional skill surveys or performance-based tests can help contribute to better results.
Standardized testing is not the only way to judge a child’s progress in learning.